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Cadet lines in Herefordshire - Thornbury, 1500s-1610s+

Thomas Baskerville, of "Netherwood", Thornbury, Herefordshire

  • born 1500, Eardisley, Herefordshire
  • died December 1576, "Netherwood", Thornbury, Herefordshire [Will]
  • parents Philip Baskerville and Sybilla (widow Scudamore, nee ?) Baskerville of Thornbury
  • Married
    (1)1525, at ?
    to Sybil or Cecily Vaughan
    (2) 12 April 1540, at Thornbury
    to Jane Baskerville [IGI-v]
  • Children
    (of 1):
      no issue
    (of 2):
    • Thomas b. 1530, Thornbury, d. ?, m. 1573, at Thornbury? to Bridget Cornwall
    • Elynor, b. 1534, Thornbury, d. ?, m. 1555 George Prychard of Netherwood.

Biographical notes

1502: Thomas born, first son of Philip Baskerville born circa 1475. He married the widow of John Scudmore of Kentchurch. Their son Thomas Baskerville was the start of the Netherwood branch of the Baskerville family: Baskerville, Thomas (*1502 - ) of Netherwood; father: Baskerville, Philip(1466 - ); mother: Scudamore, Sybilla(*1472 - )[VCH Worcester, Vol IV: 349-354]
1540 Thomas Baskerville married Jane Baskerville at Thornbury - the genealogy as constructed indicates that Thomas and Jane were half-siblings (same father, Phillip Baskerville, but different mothers). This needs further research, but may explain why, despite their marriage after the births of their two children, the children remain described in Thomas' will as 'base', or illegitimate, as ecclesiastical law prohibited such marriages.
1556 The Manor at Edvin Loach ... probably passed to the Crown with the other estates of the earldom of March on the accession of Edward IV [1461], but it is not again mentioned until 1556, when Thomas Baskerville leased the site to James Jones. (fn. 43) The estate then descended with Stoke Bliss to Thomas son of John Baskerville, [VCH Worcester, Vol IV: 349-354]
1557: In 1540 John Combes was dealing with a manor of Kyre Parva, (fn. 75) , which he conveyed in 1557-8 to Thomas Baskerville, (fn. 76) but in 1557 Roger Acton and his wife Iseult (fn. 77) sold a manor called Kyre Parva to Thomas Hackluit, (fn. 78) who immediately conveyed it to Sir Andrew Corbett and others. (fn. 79) The estate at Kyre Parva acquired by Thomas Baskerville became united with the manor of Kettles Kyre, and was mortgaged in 1585 by Thomas Baskerville [his son] to Edward Pytts as 'the manor of Parva Kyer alias Kettles Cure.' [VCH Worcester, Vol IV: 349-354]
1576: Thomas Baskerville was described in 1576 as the 'true patron of the rectory of Colyton (Collington, co. Heref.) with the chapel of Edven Loche,' (fn. 52) but in 1617 Sir Thomas Coningsby was in possession of the advowson, (fn. 53) which has since followed the descent of the manor. (fn. 54)[VCH Worcester, Vol IV: 349-354]
1577: Probate of Will of Thomas Baskerville Esquire granted to his base son, Thomas Baskerville Gentleman [Will]

It is possible that either Thomas or his father Phillip acquired (or began acquiring) the various properties associated with Netherwood in the early 1500s, although an 1876 gazetteer entry for Netherwood suggests much earlier acquisition, although not necessarily occupation:

After the battle of Bosworth Field [1485], William Baskerville, of the house of Eardisley, who had accompanied the army of the Earl of Richmond, afterwards King Henry VII., from Leominster, and fought valiantly in his cause, received a grant of it from that sovereign. In the following century it was sold by Thomas Baskerville, Esq., and, having passed through several families, was purchased, about the time of Charles I., by Edward Pytts, Esq." [Littlebury's Directory and Gazetteer of Herefordshire, 1876-7]
Additional manors were acquired by Thomas just across the county border in Worcestershire in the mid-1550s: Edvin Loach and Kyre Parva are mentioned here, both of which were later considered part of the Netherwood estates.
When Thomas Baskerville Esquire made out his will in December 1576 he set out in some detail his bequests of different properties, and refers to many of his family members also residing at Netherwood at that time: his brothers James and Edward, his 'base son' Thomas, Thomas' son John and daughters Anne and Mary, and John's son Thomas; as well as his 'base daughter' Elynor and her husband George Prychard.

References and reading

  • all entries in genealogical chart from International Genealogical Index online unless otherwise annotated. Entries sourced IGI-v indicate that the IGI entry is verifiable with a reference to an original document - usually a parish register.
  • PRO: Public Record Office (now National Archives [of England & Wales]), with reference no.
  • Watkins, Rev Morgan G., Collections Towards The History and Antiquities of the County of Hereford, in Continuation of Duncumb's History: Hundred of Huntington, Jakeman & Carver, High Town Hereford 1897 - this contains a pedigree of the Baskerville family.
  • Will: The Will of Thomas Baskervile Esquire of Netherwood, Prob 11/59, Probate 7 February 1576/7