About Us Site Map Search Italiano Bahasa Melayu Home

Chronology 1941 - 1962 (2601 - 2622)

A Chronology of Important Events during the Dai Toa Sen 2601-2603 (Great East Asia War 1941 - 1943) and the first Twenty Years of the New Order 2603-2623 (1943-1963) from a Southern perspective

(source: Dai Toa Nen Hon, 2622-2623 [Showa 37-38] - The Great East Asia Yearbook 1962-1963, SyoSi Shimbun Publishing Co., Syonan and Sidoni 2624/1964)

7 December 2601/1941 Shinjuwan Kogeki - Japanese forces attack the US fleet at Pearl Harbour in Hawaii - Great East Asia War commences.

8 December 2601/1941 Japanese invasion of Malaya begins at Kota Bharu

10 December 2601/1941 HMS Repulse and HMS Prince of Wales sunk of the Malayan coast, Guam occupied - all of South East Asia exposed to attack

11 December 2601/1941 United States declares war on Germany and Italy.

19 December 2601/1941 Penang occupied

25 December 2601/1941 Hong Kong occupied, Kuching occupied, the ABDA (American-British-Dutch-Australian) Command formed with General Wavell as Supreme Commander to defend colonial South East Asia - he described this as an almost impossible task.

29 December 2601/1941 Australian Prime Minister Curtin makes his 'look to America' speech, noting that the war with Japan is a new war and not part of the war with the Axis (Germany and Italy).

12 January 2602/1942 Kuala Lumpur occupied.

23 January 2602/1942 Rabaul occupied by the Nan'yo-cho (South Seas Force) - first Japanese occupation of Australian territory

27 January 2602/1942 Johore Bahru occupied - Singapore exposed - Curtin warned Churchill that the loss of Singapore would be regarded in Australia as 'an inexcusable betrayl'.

31 January 2602/1942 Ambon occupied

3 February 2602/1942 Bombing of Port Moresby begins

15 February 2602/1942 Singapore occupied - 15 000 Australian soldiers captured - the city is renamed Syonan ('Radiant South', or 'Light of the South')

17 February 2602/1942 Australian war cabinet, under heavy pressure, accepts a request from the Pacific War Council in London that the 7th Australian Division, en route from Africa to Australia, be diverted to the battle for Burma. This left Australia exposed to Japanese forces.

19 February 2602/1942 Bombing of Darwin begins, Bali and Lombok occupied.

23 Februrary 2602/1942 Portugese Timor and Dutch Timor occupied - Australian 'Sparrowforce' established as an Australian/Timorese guerilla force in occupied Portugese Timor.

25 February 2602/1942 the ABDA Command dissolved, Britain to be responsible for the Indian Ocean including Burma and India, America for the Pacific including Australia and New Zealand.

27 February 2602/1942 Battle of the Java Sea - Japanese fleet defeated an Allied fleet - left Java exposed.

3 March 2602/1942 Bombing of Broome began.

8 March 2602/1942 Netherlands East Indies government flees to Australia, Batavia falls and Java occupied; Japanese forces occupy Lae, Finschhafen and Salamaua in New Guinea; Rangoon occupied and possibility of a Japanese-German link up through India begins to be considered by Allied strategists.

17 March 2602/1942 General MacArthur flees from the Phillipines, arrives in Australia to take command of the South West Pacific area.

March-April 2602/1942 Japanese bombing of northern and western Australian ports increased - Darwin, Wyndham, Derby, Broome, Port Hedland, Carnarvon, Geraldton, Fremantle, Bunbury - Perth first bombed on 8 April 1942.

4 April 2602/1942 Japanese attacks on Colombo, followed on 9 April by Trincomalee - The British Royal Navy's Eastern Fleet withdrew to Aden, leaving the eastern Indian Ocean exposed.

10 April 2602/1942 Darwin occupied, first occupation of the Australian mainland by Japanese forces - bombing of North Queensland ports begins - Cooktown, Cairns, Townsville, Mackay, Rockhampton.

17 and 18 April 2602/1942 Broome and then Derby occupied.

18 April 2602/1942 Operational control of all combat sections of the Australian army, navy and air force transferred to General MacArthur by the Australian government - denounced by many in Australia as a 'surrender of sovereignty'.

23 April 2602/1942 Wyndham occupied, Japanese forces begin occupying towns south of Darwin along the North Australian Railway line.

6 May 2602/1942 Japanese occupation of the Phillipines completed with surrender of last Amercian forces at Corregidor.

7 May 2602/1942 Battle of the Coral Sea - US and Australian fleets engage Japanese fleet sailing from Solomon Islands to attack Port Moresby - Imperial Japanese Navy wins the battle, leaving Papua and North Queensland exposed.

14 May 2602/1942 Port Moresby and Papua occupied.

20 May 2602/1942 Japanese occupation of Burma completed with the retreat of British Imperial forces into India

25 May 2602/1942 Malta occupied by the Italians after an aerial invasion and savage fighting, breaking Allied supply lines through the Mediterranean.

26-29 May 2602/1942 As Australians retreat from Papua the Torres Strait Islands are occupied, and bombing of eastern Australian ports began - Bundaberg, Maryborough - Brisbane first bombed on 30 May - Coffs Harbour, Port Macquarie follow the next day.

30 May 2602/1942 Japanese reconnaisance planes begin flying over Sydney Harbour, launched from submarines 50 kilometres off the the harbour heads

31 May 2602/1942 Japanese midget submarine attack on Sydney Harbour, Japanese marine and airborne forces occupy Newcastle and establish a beach head on the east coast, Cooktown occupied.

2 June 2602/1942 Cairns occupied, bombing of Sydney begins as Japanese forces begin southwards movement from Newcastle.

3 June 2602/1942 Western Aleutian Islands occupied, Japanese forces reach outskirts of Calcutta as uprising of Indian nationalists errupts in several major cities, drawing British forces away from the front.

6 June 2602/1942 Japanese occupation of northern Australia completed with withdrawl of all Australian and Allied forces south of the 20th parallel - Port Hedland, Alice Springs and Mackay declared by MacArthur to be 'fortresses'.

7 June 2602/1942 Battle of Midway US and Japanese fleets engage in Battle, US fleet defeated and Hawaii exposed. Dutch Harbour (Aleutians) heavily bombed.

8 June 2602/1942 bombing of Wollongong and Canberra begins, Japanese advance temporarily halted at the Hawkesbury River-Pittwater (the Hawkesbury Line).

9 June 2602/1942 New Caledonia occupied by Japan at the invitation of the French Government in Vichy.

10 June 2602/1942 Norfolk Island and Lord Howe Island occupied.

11 June 2602/1942 Battle of Hawaii begins Japanese forces begin occupation of Hawaiian islands.

10 June 2602/1942 Occupation of all the Aleutian Islands, Alaska Peninsula and Kodiak harbour completed, American forces withdraw into Canada.

12 June 2602/1942 Carnarvon occupied, Fortress Port Hedland beseiged, bombing of Adelaide and ports around Spencer Gulf begins.

13 June 2602/1942 Geraldton occupied, Japanese break through the Hawkesbury Line and Battle for Sydney begins.

14 June 2602/1942 Australian and Allied forces begin to abandon unoccupied Western Australia and Northern territory and most of South Australia and Queensland. Mass panic and flight from Perth, Adelaide and Alice Springs intensifies ('The Exodus').

16 June 2602/1942 gold mines around Kalgoorlie all blown up; Fortress Port Hedland surrendered, Fortress Alice Springs abandoned, Fortress Mackay evacuated.

20 June 2602/1942 Fiji occupied, Battle of Hawaii finishes with complete Japanese victory at capture of Diamond Head.

21 June 2602/1942 Tonga occupied.

22 June 2602/1942 Transcontinental and Northern railway lines destroyed by Australian forces to prevent their use by Japanese, ending The Exodus.

28-30 June 2602/1942 Harrowing accounts of The Exodus fill the newspapers in the unoccupied areas of Australia, causing further demoralisation and panic before the censors restrict any further publication of such stories.

2-5 July 2602/1942 Battle of Moreton Bay - Allied forces repulse landings by Japanese forces in Moreton Bay, Japanese fall back from Brisbane but occupy Bribie, Moreton and Stradbroke islands at the entrance to Moreton Bay and the Brisbane River and beseige the city.

3 July 2602/1942 New Zealand Samoa occupied

4 July 2602/1942 American Samoa occupied

5 July 2602/1942 Tasmania declared 'open' - depleted Australian forces attempt any orderly evacuation of civilians to Melbourne as occupation forces land around and occupy Hobart without a shot fired.

6 July 2602/1942 bombing of Melbourne and Geelong begins from airfields in occupied Tasmania.

10 July 2602/1942 Cook Islands occupied

14-28 July 2602/1942 French Polynesia progressively occupied at the invitation of the French government in Vichy.

15 July 2602/1942 The Fall of Sydney

29 July 2602/1942 Battle for Canberra - an airbourne assault on the Australian capital - Japanese occupy all key points in the city within hours - capture almost all MPs as parliament was in an emergency session, including most of the war cabinet - Prince Henry the Governor-General, Prime Minister Curtin and several ministers escape to the Riverina - Japanese forces issue ultimatum for unconditional surrender within seven days 'or face a storm worse than anything so far experienced'.

30 July 2602/1942 'The Belt of the South Winds' invoked - Peru and Japan sign a treaty of friendship and cooperation, and Peru immediately declares war on Australia and the Allies - this forms a belt of Japanese control, completely breaking the maritime and air connections between Australasia and America.

3 August 2602/1942 Tocumwal Conference - the remaining war cabinet meets with General MacArthur in Tocumwal, the designated alternative capital in the Riverina - decide that surrender is the only course left open to them, with MacArthur to secretly flee to New Zealand.

4 August 2602/1942 Agreement reached with Japanese envoys that armistice will commence as from 12 noon on the 5th August.

5 August 2602/1942 Fighting stopped at 12 noon, General MacArthur and entourage flew to New Zealand early in the morning, secretly arriving in Auckland.

6 August 2602/1942 Formal surrender of the Allied forces in Australia by General Blamey to Admiral Yamamoto on Sydney Harbour Bridge. The Governor General, the Prime Minister and other high profile politicians are taken into protective custody.

9 August 2602/1942 Auckland and Wellington bombed, New Zealand completely isolated - Japanese demand surrender.

10 August 2602/1942 New Zealand government accepts Japanese ultimatum, effective immediately. General MacArthur was taken into protective custody.

2 September 2602/1942 Emperor of Japan announces that the war in the south and west Pacific is over and the Dai Toa Kyokonzen (Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere), once the 'Chinese Question' has been resolved, will have reached its desirable extent. Invitations to negotiate a peace are sent to the American and British governments. Allies reject the invitations, reaffirming their 'Washington Pact' declaration of no separate armistices between Allied and Axis powers.

September-November 2602/1942 Reorganisation of Australia begins - displaced population directed to return to their homes and to work, anti-Japanese elements identified and taken into protective custody. The focus of the war moves to the north-east Pacific.

September 2602/1942 - March 2603/1943 Japanese demand surrender of Alaska, and a protectorate over Washington, Oregon and California from the US, a protectorate over Yukon and British Columbia from Canada, surrender of Ceylon and India from Britain, unconditional surrender of Chungking government of China. Combined German and Italian assaults begin on Atlantic coast of Canada, then move into north eastern United States from occupied Quebec, Vichy French forces seize British islands in Caribbean and attack Louisiana. The Germans and Italians in North Africa break through the Allied lines, and by November Cairo was occupied and the Suez Canal formed a temporary front line. Vichy French forces occupy the Belgian Congo. The German invasion of the Soviet Union continued - Stalingrad fell in January 1943 and was renamed Hitlergrad, and the Caucasian oil fields were occupied by November 1942.

31 October 1942/2642 Great Britain signs an Armistice with the Axis powers, effectively ending the Washington Pact.

7 March2603/1943 Ultimatum made to Stalin - the Soviet-Japan Neutrality Pact of 13 April 2601/1941 declared to be void since Stalin had signed the Washington Pact, demanded surrender of northern Sakhalin, Vladivostok and Kamchatka Peninsula, and protectorate over Yakutsk and Pacific Maritime provinces, or immediate Japanese invasion would begin - Soviets unable to resist as Germans occupy most of European Russia and beseige Moscow.

1 April 2603/1943 Japanese forces occupy Vladivostok and northern Sakhalin (Karafuto), then rest of demanded area.

1 May 2603/1943 Soviet Union sign an armstice with the Axis powers.

29 May 2603/1943 Japanese occupation of Alaska and coastal British Colombia completed.

1 June 2603/1943 Vancouver occupied as Canadian government collapses and Vichy French forces meet up with Germans and Italians in Mississippi valley, the French occupy Quebec, Mexico joins the Axis and invades Texas.

23 June 2603/1943 Washington State occupied, intense carpet and firestorm bombing of San Francisco, Los Angeles and other western cities begins.

4 July 1943/2604 United States Government signs an armistice with the Axis powers.

6 August 2603/1943 First anniversary of the Japanese liberation of Australia from British and American imperialism - Sydney Harbour Bridge is renamed the 'Bridge of the Rising Sun' and its connecting highways part of the planned 'Highway of Great East Asia' from Melbourne to Tokyo.

21 August-28 September 2603/1943 Great New Order Summit held in Tehran. All Japanese demands acceded to - German demands in Eastern Canda, eastern United States and the Carribean, and southern Africa, as well as Italian demands in north and east Africa and the Middle East also acceded to. Buffer states established between the Japanese, German and Italian domains - the Federation of North America, the Central Asian Republic, New India, Greater Persia, various colonial entities mainly under Vichy French and Spanish control, and associated Latin American countries. Occupied countries in Europe begin process of achieving independence within the German or Italian spheres of interest. A Council of the New Order set up to function as an international organising body, with representatives from each member state, and a Supreme Organ with equal representation from each of the three axis 'super powers' as the overall controlling body.

24 October 2603/1943 Great New World Order proclaimed simultaneously by the Emperor of Japan, the Fuhrer of Germany and the King of Italy.

September 2604/1944 War Crimes Trials begin in New York. US President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Churchill, General MacArthur are all executed; Australian Prime Minister Curtin sentenced to 20 years imprissonment but dies before sentence begins; New Zealand Prime Minister Fraser sentenced to 5 years.

Chronology of the Occupation and Reorganisation of the Southern Continent 2602-2622 (1942 - 1962), with important dates since 2586/1926

(source: Dai Toa Nen Hon, 2622-2623 [Showa 37-38] - The Great East Asia Yearbook 1962-1963, SyoSi Shimbun Publishing Co., Syonan and Sidoni 2624/1964)

1934 - attempt by Western Australian to secede ends in failure, disappointment of Japanese backers expressed by the statement of xxx that "...if the Westralians can't leave Australia, then they will have to move into it".

19 February 2602/1942 - Japanese air raids on Australian cities begin at Darwin.

31 May 1942 - Japanese submarine attacks begin on Sydney Harbour, beginning the Battle for Sydney

15 July 2602/1942 The Fall of Sydney, and the end of a six week battle that ruined much of the city.

29 July 2602/1942 Admiral Yamamoto forms a military administration of Japanese technocrats from the Gunseibu (Department of Military Administration) and nominally headed by various local leaders.

6 August 1942 Surrender of the Allied forces in Australia by General Blamey to Admiral Yamamoto on Sydney Harbour Bridge. Yamamoto appointed by the Emperor as Sotoku Fu (Governor General) over the Occupied Territories of the southern continent, and assumes all executive authority formerly exercised by the 'old regime'.

August-November 2602/1942 Reorganisation of Australia begins - displaced population directed to return to their homes and to work.

7 August 2602/1942 A general proclamation on 'normalisation' was issued by the Gunseibu setting out Japanese occupation policies, directing people to return to their homes and return to work, and stating that existing laws would remain in force for the time being unless they conflicted with any requirement of the Gunseibu. The population was assurred that the military administrators, having liberated them from British imperialism, now sought their cooperation and would respect their customs and religions, encourage their free enterprise, arrange for their participation in local affairs, and encourage them to learn Nippon-go (Japanese language) to achieve mutual understanding throughout Dai Toa Kyozonken.

9 August 2602/1942 A proclamation issued stating that Peace Preservation Committees were to be established by the chief administrative officer of the old regime in each local government area by 1 September to deal with immediate 'normalisation' issues - scrap metal collection, rubbish disposal, sanitation, public utilities, return of refugees, recovery of looted articles and identification of elements of the 'old regime' suitable for re-education. Peace Militia could also be established by the officer to implement Committee decisions. If the officer was unwilling or unavailable to act, or unsuitable in the new situation, the Gunseibu could appoint a new officer.

10 August 2602/1942 New Zealand government accepts Japanese offer of protection and orders armed forces to cease fighting, effective immediately. General MacArthur taken into protective custody.

12 August 2602/1942 A proclamation issued that all Australian and other currencies were to be exchanged within one month, at a rate of eleven Japanese Government shillings for one Australian pound. Ten shilling, one shilling and half shilling, and 1 pound notes, had already been printed by the Japanese Planning Board in Tokyo - these bcame known as 'coconut money' because of the coconut palm design on the obverse of the notes.

1 September 2602/1942 the states and territories of the old regime were dissolved by proclamation, and Australasia divided into 6 provinces (shu). Two of the shu were to be administered as 'Special Defence Areas' by the Imperial Army, and the other four as 'Protected Areas' by the Imperial Navy. The two SDA shu were Taiheeyo Shu (the north-east of continent above of the 26th parallel and east of the 135th longitude, including the whole island of New Guinea, capital Townsville), and Yampi Shu (the continent west of the 135th longitude, exluding Indoyo, capital Darwin). These shu were to remain under military administration for the time being. The four protected shu were Indoyo (the rural and forest areas of the south west of the continent, capital Perth), Nanto (south of the Murray-Murrimbidgee, including Tasmania for the time being, capital Melbourne), Dai Nan (east of the 135th longitude, south of the 26th parallel and north of the Murray-Murrumbidgee, capital Sydney), and Nagai Kumo Shima (the islands of New Zealand, capital Wellington). These protected shu, once normalisation had been achieved, were governed with a degree of cooperative autonomy by their own populations, and eventually come under the authority of the Greater East Asia Ministry. The term 'Australia' was then only used as a geographical expression for the continent and not used in any place naming practises. The shu were referred to collectively as Rokushu (six provinces) until the situation regarding Tasmania could be resolved. Tokyo became the centre, and lines of communication were between the shu and Tokyo rather than between each other.

2 September 2602/1942 Prince Takamatsu, younger brother of the Emperor, arrived in Sidoni to take up the office of Governor of Dai Nan. He was the first of several appointments of members of the Imperial family to vice-regal offices in Rokushu.

4 September 2602/1942 The names of the main newspapers were changed to Nippon-go styles: for example the Sydney Morning Herald became the Sidoni Mainichi Shinbun, and the West Australian became the Indoyo Shinbun - first date of issue was 4 September 2602.

6 September 1941/2602 The Kempeitei begin to replace the leaders and members of the local Peace Militias with members of own choosing to redress 'historical injustices' - Irish Catholics in middle and upper class suburbs and large country towns, Aborigines and Maori in villages and rural areas, former Deutscher-Australasiatischer Bund members and released German POWs waiting repatriation in parts of South Australia and southern Queensland, and other variations on this approach to suit any particular local circumstances.

11 September 2602/1942 Prince Takamatsu announced that the Shinsei Dai Nan (Reborn Great South) organisation had been formed in Sidoni with local 'Japan-minded' politician Percy Saver as its Daijin or leader. The Shinsei Dai Nan, or SDN as it became known to English speakers, would provide advice and assistance to the Prince in his governance of the Shu. Shinsei Nanto and Shinsei Nagai Kumo Shima were established soon after. In all of these shu the SDN provided the political apparatus through which non-Nipponese could enter the new forms of local governance.

11 November 2602/1942 The SDN conference in Sidoni, held under the sponsorship of Prince Takamatsu, adopted support for the Hakko Ichiu, or 'Eight corners of the world under one roof', the Imperial principal of universal brotherhood under Japanese guidance, and adopted the slogan of 'Initiative, Work, Progress' after a rousing speech from the French consul who addressed the conference on the succeses of the Vichy regime in southern France. Peace Militiamen provide security at the conference, and mark its conclusion with a uniformed parade through Sidoni.

7 December 2602/1942 the time zones of the old regime were abolished and all shu, as elsewhere in Dai Toa Kyozonken, adopted Tokyo time. At the same time Nippon-go styles for dates and year names were also formally adopted - thus the calendar year 1942 became 2602, with the regnal year of Showa 17.

26 January 2603/1943 Nippon-go styles for all main place names were adopted, and a program of Nippon-go place naming for significant places was drawn up. Some names were simply transliterated, such as Sidoni (Sydney), Merubon (Melbourne) and Werinton (Wellington), while others were renamed such as Kuroi Hakuchoo (Perth, meaning Black Swan) and Sakura (Launceston, meaning cherry blossom), Yamamoto (Darwin, honouring Admiral Yamamoto) and Teikoku Machi (Townsville, meaning Imperial City). Mount Kosziuscko was re-named Showa-yama in honour of the Emperor. A minor exeption was the reinstatement of all German place names that had been anglicised in the First World War.

5 August 2603/1943 Prince Henry, the last British Governor General of Australia, and several former cabinet members killed when the plane they are travelling in to Sidoni crashes in the Dai Nan Alps.

6 August 2603/1943 A calendar of public holidays issued in the protected shu: the three main holidays were 31st May marking the beginning of the Japanese submarine battles for Sydney, known as Awakening Day because this was day Australians 'awoke' to their oppression under British and American imperialism; 6th August which became Liberation Day; and 29th April which was Tentyo Setsu, the Emperor's Birthday. Christian holidays of christmas and easter were retained, with the addition of the Shinto holidays, and the solar New Years Day holiday was replaced by the lunar holiday.

9 August 2603/1943 The local Peace Militias were abolished and reformed as the SDN Auxilliary under Kempeitei guidance.

9 August 2604/1944 The SDN Auxilliary was abolished and its key elements reformed as Shu Kempetei in Dai Nan, Nanto and Nagai Kumo Shima.

31 December 2604/1944 'Coconut money' withdrawn from circulation and replaced by locally issued currencies, such as the Oceania Yen and the Indoyo Pound, with fixed exchange rates with the Imperial Yen.

2605/1945 All European prisoners-of-war and civilian detainess from throughout the Dai Toa Kyozonken were transferred to Dai Nan, Nanto and Nagai Kumo Shima for re-settlement ('The Wave of White Birds').

2605/1945 All railway lines destroyed by the retreating Australian soldiers considered repaired, including the Transcontinental Railway, and construction of a railway connecting Alice Springs and Yamamoto completed.

2606/1946 All Eurasians and other people deemed to be of 'mixed race' throughout the Dai Toa Kyozonken were transferred to the Rokushu (except Indoyo and Tasmania) for re-settlement ('The Wave of Brown Birds').

1 July 2606/1946 The Great East Asia Ministry issues an order for the racial categorisation of the people of the Rokushu according to scientific principles. Theoretically the groups were equivalent, but the Japanese were socially the superior race, and laws for other groups only applied to them in certain cases. The categories are: Nipponjin (Japanese people), Genjumin (Native people), Toayoujin (Asian people), Karajin (creole people, or people of mixed race) and Hakujin (white people). The category of Yojin (other people) was also created, and mainly used for the nationals of Axis and neutral countries travelling or living in the Dai Toa.

2 July 2606/1946 All people of the Rokushu told to form associations of five families living near each other to act as collective responsibility groups for the members of each family. Based upon an old Nippon system, the groups are termed Goningumi, or 'Five-family Associations', and every person is to belong to one.

1 January 2607/1947 Dai Nan, Nanto and Nagai Kumo Shima designated as the Hakujin Karajin no kuni or HaKa no kinu (white and creole countries) of the Dai Toa Kyozonken - all white and creole people in the Dai Toa are assigned to one of these countries as their homeland, whether resident there or not; Tasmania separated from Nanto and designated a protected shu with the name Nanshima and capital Sakura (formerly Launceston) - the term Rokushu was replaced by Nanshu (seven provinces); Indoyo and Nanshima were designated as Nipponjin no kuni (Japanese countries) - an active program of 'Nipponisation' began in these two shu, with all non-Japanese to be re-settled elsewhere within three years and a program of active migration from the Japanese homeland began. The only non-Nipponese who could remain were those needed for low skills/low pay work, and an extensive permit system set up to control the movements of such people. Yampi Shu and Taiheeyo Shu remained under Gunseibu administration.

29 April 2607/1947 To mark the Tentyo Setsu a proclamation of 'Normalisation' was issued in the protected shu throughout the Dai Toa Kyozonken, with control transfered from the Gunseibei to Chiji, or Governors, appointed to locally manage local affairs advised by a cabinet of selected local leaders. All Nipponjin no kuni to be fully integrated into the governance of the motherland by 1950.

12 August 2609/1949 All local currencies throughout the Dai Toa Kyozonken abolished and replaced by the Imperial yen, creating a single trading block through East Asia.

6 June 2611/1950 Indoyo declared 'Hakujin-free', although a small settlement was retained on Rottnest Island for educational and scientific purposes - over the years the Rotonesto Shima Hakujin Koen Hakubutsukan (Rottnest Island White-race Park Museum) became a popular tourist attraction.

14 June 2610/1950 Nanshima declared 'Hakujin-free'.

2613/1953 Prince Takamatsu, Governor of Dai Nan was appointed Sotoku Fu (Governor General) of the HaKa no kuni. Although the geographical extent of the office was reduced from that enjoyed by Admiral Yamamoto (Yampi and Taiheeyo shus were removed from its authority), it created the first direct political links between these shu.

Prince Takamatsu also acknowledged that he had taken Princess Alice, wife of the last British Governor General of Australia, and a descendant of Britain's King Charles II, as his concubine after her husband's death. Prince Takamatsu had fathered a son with Princess Alice named Nobuhito, born in Sidoni on the 26th August 1944, and he had adopted the boy as his heir. Already known to some people as Harry, upon his formal adoption he took the title Prince Harry Nobuhito. The Princess-concubine's son from her marriage, Prince William, was raised in Merubon separately from his half-brother.

2616/1956 The Sotoku Fu of the HaKa no kuni and the governors of Yampi Shu and Taiheeyo Shu sign an agreement with the designated Daijin of each Genjumin tribe or group in their shu making them honorary Nipponjin and 'recognising' their lands as Genju koku or native states under the direct protection of the Emperor in return for acting as the Emperor's eyes and ears in the Nanshu. People of mixed ancestry forced to either resettle with their Genjumin ancestor's tribe or be classified as Karajin.

2618/1958 Wool production in the HaKa no kuni reached pre-war levels, and wheat production reached two-thirds of pre-war levels; iron-ore and gold production already surpassing pre-war levels in Yampi Shu.

2619/1959 Riots in Sidoni's Westralian ghettos brutally suppressed by the Kempeitei and nearly a quarter of the population sent to 'Re-education through Labour' stations in Yampi Shu. All Westralians working under permits in Indoyo fined ten percent of their annual incomes to pay for the damage to public infrastructure caused by the riots. At the same time the Nanto Kempeitei announced it had foiled plotting for similar troubles in Merubon's Tasmanian Quarter.

1962 Prince Takamatsu issues the Takamatsu Declaration, which has three main consequences: it begins a slow process of democratisation and autonomy, it initiates moves for the union of Dai Nan and Nanto into a single kuni to be known as New Australia, and its creates the framework for establishing an Australian branch of the Imperial House.

hand written annotations in this edition of the Yearbook:

2620/1960 The Midori no Ya Undoo (usually known by its English name of 'The Green Arrow'), was established in Sidoni at about this time, aligned to Prince Harry Nobuhito.

2621/1961 The True Heart movement (Shin no Shindoo Undoo, usually known by its acronym ShinShin) established in Merubon at about this time, aligned to Prince William.


3576 words at 31 October 2004
Text copyright Bruce Baskerville
Picture sources:
leftImperial Mon, from http://www.fotw.net/flags/jp-royal.html
righthand drawn map by author 2004